Barcelona star Neymar has been ordered by a Spanish court to stand trial over fraud and corruption charges during his transfer from Santos in 2013.
Rosell's successor, Josep Maria Bartomeu, was also charged with tax fraud in 2015 and is set to stand trial after his final appeal was rejected by a Spanish court earlier this month.
Neymar's arrival from Brazil's Santos has been a huge success for the Spanish champions on the pitch but a judicial nightmare off it.
Neymar's move to the Camp Nou has been the subject of much scrutiny from authorities in Spain and Brazil.
At the time, Barcelona claimed the transfer fee was €57.1m (£48.5m), of which €40m (£34m) was to be paid to Neymar's family.
The courts have, however, ruled in favour of the player with regards his charges of fraud, while also favouring a €10 million fine and a two-year jail sentence for the Brazilian with respect to the charges of corruption.
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For first-time offenders in non-violent crimes in Spain, sentences of two years or less are suspended, so it is unlikely the player would serve any prison time.
The case began with a complaint from the Brazilian investment company DIS, which owned 40% of Neymar's sporting rights at the time of his transfer.
DIS received a 40 percent share of the remaining 17.1 million that was paid to Santos.
They are also seeking fines of €10million against Neymar's family.
The club also admitted that it paid nearly €100m (about R1.49 billion) for Neymar, not the €57.1m (about R855.7m) it originally claimed.
Neymar signed a bumper new deal with the club to extend his contract until 2021 in July 2016 despite admitting he held talks with Paris Saint-Germain amidst interest from a host of top European clubs in luring him away.